According to the health resources and services administration, in a 2007 study the total cost of implementing an e-prescribing system was found to be 42,332, with annual costs after implementation of about 14,725 per year, for a practice of 10 full-time equivalent psychiatrists. Privacy of patient information can also be a concern for providers and patients. The key phrases electronic prescribing or e-prescribing were combined with the terms meaningful use or ambulatory or quality as inclusion criteria to search online scholarly databases for articles. When e-prescribing is part of an ehr system, prescriptions can be checked for interactions with patient medications, health conditions, and allergies Buy now Buy a research paper cheap Canada
E-prescribing has eliminated some of the possibilities for mistakes and can potentially help prevent more than 2 million ades a year, 130,000 of which are life threatening. Most information breaches actually occur as a result of internal employees actions, so continuous training on security is imperative and can incur additional costs. Increased adherence to medication therapy can promote better health outcomes and reduce costs. An adverse drug event (ade) can be the result of preventable or non-preventable medical interventions related to medications. Though the actual entering of a new prescription takes about 20 seconds longer per patient than writing a prescription, this time is offset by the time saved because of the fact that less clarification is needed for electronic prescriptions Buy a research paper cheap Canada Buy now
In the united states, an estimated 200,000 deaths occur yearly from preventable medical mistakes and hospital infections. Errors that arise from lack of alert specificity and overload can result in major drug interactions. Another potential cost savings results from the increase in patient medication adherence. Ades occur in the united states each year and more than 7,000 patient deaths can be linked to poor handwriting and prescription filling errors. Allowing providers to access patient histories, diagnoses, and medication information increases patient safety by reducing medical errors.
The literature search was conducted by the first and second authors and was validated by the third author, who acted as a second reader and also double-checked that the references met the inclusion criteria Buy Buy a research paper cheap Canada at a discount
Ades are considered preventable if they are caused by medication errors, and potential ades are errors that could result in harm to the patient. E-prescribing has eliminated some of the possibilities for mistakes and can potentially help prevent more than 2 million ades a year, 130,000 of which are life threatening. From these numbers an annual estimated savings of 402,619 was found. A study done in massachusetts in 2006 found that each hospitalization due to an ade costs about 9,000 each emergency room visit, 427 and each visit to the doctors office, 111. Providers have faced many barriers with the complex technology and lack of complete patient record availability through e-prescribing systems Buy Online Buy a research paper cheap Canada
Patient safety can be improved through e-prescribing by increasing prescription legibility, decreasing the time required to prescribe medications and dispense them to patients, and decreasing medication errors and ades. At the pharmacy, the entering of prescriptions is more streamlined when software allows for automated processing. The rule made it legal to transmit controlled substance prescriptions electronically, though the many standards contained in the ruling make it cumbersome to implement. Providers have faced many barriers with the complex technology and lack of complete patient record availability through e-prescribing systems. Many smaller practices have had a hard time with both the cost of the system and the cost of training staff Buy Buy a research paper cheap Canada Online at a discount
References were reviewed and determined to have satisfied the inclusion criteria if the material provided accurate information about e-prescribing with particular attention to the benefits of and barriers to its implementation. Growth in e-prescribing came with the passing of the medicare prescription drug, improvement, and modernization act (mma) of 2003. However, there have been significant barriers to implementation including cost, lack of provider support, patient privacy, system errors, and legal issues. The main purpose of this research study was to explore the benefits that e-prescribing has had in improving the efficacy, accuracy, and cost of prescribing in ambulatory care settings and to assess the barriers to its implementation Buy a research paper cheap Canada For Sale
E-prescribing allows providers in the ambulatory care setting to send prescriptions electronically to the pharmacy and can be a stand-alone system or part of an integrated electronic health record system. From these numbers an annual estimated savings of 402,619 was found. When e-prescribing is part of an ehr system, providers are able to access all patient information, not just prescription information. The less expensive and easier-to-manage option is the stand-alone system for e-prescribing. Additionally, connecting physician and pharmacy systems has reduced paperwork and the associated mistakes that may occur from reliance on handwritten notes.
The literature search was conducted by the first and second authors and was validated by the third author, who acted as a second reader and also double-checked that the references met the inclusion criteria For Sale Buy a research paper cheap Canada
E-prescribing is also expected to increase the safety and quality of prescribing, enable patients to have more cost-effective medication choices, and enhance the efficiency of the ambulatory care workflow. Literature was selected for review in the categories of governmental acts, meaningful use, and benefits of and barriers to e-prescribing implementation. References were reviewed and determined to have satisfied the inclusion criteria if the material provided accurate information about e-prescribing with particular attention to the benefits of and barriers to its implementation. Though these efforts have helped to increase the use of e-prescribing from 38 percent of prescriptions dispensed in 2011 to 44 percent in 2012, most prescriptions are still sent to pharmacies outside of an electronic system Sale Buy a research paper cheap Canada